How Much Money Do Dog Breeders Make?
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How Much Money Do Dog Breeders Make?

How much money can I make breeding dogs? How can I make money as a dog breeder? Learn about the different types of dog breeders. What are some of the expenses involved in breeding dogs? How much profit can I make as a dog breeder? Is dog breeding considered to be a good career option? Is it easy to be a dog breeder?

Many people think that being a dog breeder is a good way to make some extra income. It is very common to see people ask “What type of dog should I breed to make the most money”. The focus of this article is to look into the profitability of being a dog breeder.

The actual amount of money you can make breeding dogs is really difficult to say, not just because people from all over the world could read this, but because there are so many different “types” of dog breeder. For each type there is a different level of profit, or money-to-be-made.

Reputable Dog Breeder

Reputable dog breeders own registered dogs and take them to shows to prove the dog is breeding quality. After all, registration does not mean that the dog is worth breeding. They get the dogs tested and certified for their genetic health and condition of things like their eyes, ears, and hips. They are not bred if they have any problems.

Typically reputable dog breeders breed their dogs to improve the breed; they do not breed for profit. They will only breed there bitch (female dog) once a year and only when they have a waiting list of interested buyers. They usually do not breed her until she is at least 18 months of age. All their puppies are vet checked, vaccinated, and wormed, before being sold. Although they may sell the puppies for a high price the cost of going to the shows and having the dogs tested is very high and everything balances out in the end. Sometimes the reputable dog breeder actually loses money on a litter.

Backyard Dog Breeder

Backyard dog breeders sometimes have registered, purebred dogs, but not always. They breed their dogs regardless of quality. They often breed their female dog when she is a year old, or younger.

Sometimes the backyard breeder will have the pups registered (again this is no proof of quality), and sometimes they get them vaccinated.

The backyard breeder tends to sell their pups for $250 to $600 depending on the breed and demand in their area. If they did have the pups vaccinated the profit is nearly everything over the cost of vaccinations. Feeding of the mother cannot be considered since these dogs are usually family pets anyhow.

While this venture may be profitable (unless a caesarian section is required or other problem occurs) it is considered unethical because there is no regard for quality and these breeders contribute to the glut of unwanted pets because many of the buyers are not always prepared for the lifetime commitment of owning a dog.  They are also often frowned on for breeding designer dogs or stunted "teacup" dogs.

Puppy Mills

Puppy mills are places where several dogs are kept, often in tiny cages, and bred over and over. Very little expense is involved. They usually sell to pet stores or to brokers who sell to pet stores. Puppy mill breeders tend to make the most profit because they invest the least amount of money and have many dogs. Their dogs are not treated as pets and are considered more like livestock.

Even more so than backyard breeders, puppy mill breeders are frowned upon by the dog community as a whole. Not only do they breed low quality dogs, and flood the market with more dogs than there are buyers, but they warehouse the parent dogs in very cruel, tiny, cages.

© above photo of child and Keeshond dog

Expenses of Breeding Dogs - (excluding showing and promoting)

  • Cost of dog.
  • Stud fee – if the breeder does not own a male dog the stud fee is money paid to the owner of the male, sometimes they get pick of the litter, which can mean they get the only puppy if only one pup is born.
  • Ongoing costs of feeding and care for the female dog.
  • Cesarian section if needed.
  • Other veterinarian care and expenses for a pregnant dog.
  • Puppy food and supplies for young puppies.
  • Vaccinations, worming, and vet care (including tail docking) for the puppies.
  • Emergency formula and supplies if puppies need to be bottle fed.


If you are selecting “Dog Breeder” as a career and are wondering how much money you can make as a dog breeder you first need to realize that the only type of dog breeder who actually makes money is the one who regards the dogs as livestock, not pets.  As well there is no guarantee that you will make any money when breeding animals as there are often problems you can encounter along the way.

Other Reading:

How to Care for a Dog with a Litter of Puppies

How to Wean Puppies

Additional resources:

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Comments (1)
This is a very false,I'm a "Reputable Dog Breeder" with English Bulldogs it really depends in the dog breed,color,and genes i have dogs that can cost up to 15k dollars each.puppies that have AKC papers can cost a little more also.